The primary focus of the kindergarten physical education curriculum is the development of fundamental movements and movement patterns, and basic body management competence. They will participate in a variety of dance and rhythmic activities, as well as manipulative and fitness activities. They will learn to manage their bodies during physical activity and to further develop their coordination through the use of: ball and balloon activities, cooperative games, parachute activities, gymnastics, animal walks, locomotor and movement sequences, and tumbling, hoops, rhythm sticks, scoops and balls, bean bag activities, rope jumping, adventure play, and low organized games. While developing fundamental skill patterns, the students will begin to learn key movement concepts that help them perform in a variety of educational games and activities. Children will be at various levels of maturity across all skills and should demonstrate continuous improvement in movement under very simple conditions. They observe, practice, demonstrate, and compare fundamental movements while learning to control their bodies in relation to other individuals and independent objects. The kindergarten student will develop a movement vocabulary and begin to use movement-related terminology accurately. They will apply movement concepts to motor skills by responding appropriately to direction, personal and general space, effort and force, and speed and flow. They will learn how their bodies react to higher levels of physical activity. The kindergarten student will learn to use safe practices, behave appropriately, follow rules and directions, use positive interpersonal skills, and work cooperatively with others. Students will learn to seek out, enjoy, and participate in challenging new activities and favorite games. Experiences in physical education will help them develop a positive attitude for leading a healthy, active lifestyle.
A physically educated person:
Standard 1: Demonstrates competency in motor skills and movement patterns needed to perform a variety of physical activities.
1. Dribbles a ball under control, with the feet, a distance of 20 feet.
2. Jumps over a continuously turned long rope a minimum of 5 times.
3. Demonstrates proper technique for a forward gallop, a distance of 20 feet.
4. Demonstrates proper technique for a skip, a distance of 20 feet.
5. Demonstrates proper technique for jumping on two feet, 12 consecutive jumps.
6. Demonstrates proper technique for hopping on dominant and non-dominant foot, 10 consecutive hops.
7. Demonstrates proper technique for sliding, leading with both left and right foot, a distance of 20 feet.
8. Demonstrates proper technique for leaping (take off on one foot, land on other) over a 2-3 foot distance.
9. Repeats a basic rhythmic pattern of at least two locomotor skills (hopscotch pattern, dance).
10. Performs a forward roll on an inclined mat or flat mat.
11. Transfers weight while hanging on equipment (bars, ropes).
12. Demonstrates proper technique when landing from a jump from a height of 32” (bends knees, maintains balance).
13. Demonstrates an overhand throw toward a stationary target 8 feet away.
14. Bounces and catches an 8 ½ inch playground ball 3-5 consecutive times, with a partner 6 feet away.
15. Demonstrates proper technique for catching a yarn ball tossed underhand from a partner 6 feet away, 3-5 times.
16. Walks up to a stationary 8 ½ inch playground ball and kicks it forward a minimum of 12 feet, using his or her dominant foot.
17. Demonstrates the strike of a ball off a cone or batting tee using a bat.
18. Demonstrates the volley of a balloon or beach ball using hands or a short paddle, a minimum of 5 consecutive times.
19. Jumps vertically to a height of 4 inches and lands safely on two feet under control, with knees bent.
Standard 2: Demonstrates understanding of movement concepts, principles, strategies, and tactics as they apply to the learning and performance of physical activities.
1. Listens and physically responds to directions with regard to motor skill demonstration.
2. Develops a basic movement vocabulary (e.g., space awareness, locomotor skills, non-manipulative skills, manipulative skills).
Standard 3: Participates regularly in physical activity.
1. Distinguishes between activities that are healthy and unhealthy
2. Explains why it is important to participate in healthy activities (e.g., walking or riding a bicycle instead of being driven in a car, playing games and sports instead of watching television).
3. Identifies healthy activities in which he/she participates.
4. Explains healthy and safe choices to practice during out of school hours (helmets, wrist guards, nutrition, active lifestyle).
Standard 4: Achieves and maintains a health-enhancing level of physical fitness.
1. Identifies and participates in physical activities that increase the heart rate.
2. Demonstrates dynamic and static balance on a balance beam.
3. Performs various animal walks.
4. Maneuvers through simple apparatus, using basic movements (e.g., under, over, around, through).
5. Recognizes changes in heart rate during various activities.
6. Assists in establishing class goals for health and fitness.
7. Participates in moderate to vigorous physical activity in a physical education setting.
8. Identifies and practices exercises that improve health-related fitness (e.g., curl-ups, push-ups, running, stretching, monkey bars, rope climbing).
9. Demonstrates varying levels of exertion (e.g., “high”, “medium”, “low” energy output).
10. Explains that warm-up prepares the body for physical activity and cool down allows the body to recover.
11. Demonstrates a 10 second hold on a climbing rope with his or her feet off the ground.
12. Demonstrates 10 modified push-ups from the knees.
13. Demonstrates a straddle stretch, 2 hands to left toe, 2 hands to right toe.
14. Demonstrates 15 partial curl-ups with a partner hold.
15. Performs a ¼ mile run.
16. Performs a vertical jump to a height of 4 inches above normal reach.
17. Performs a run through a series of 6 cones spaced over 30 feet.
Standard 5: Exhibits responsible personal and social behavior that respects self and others in physical activity settings.
1. Participates in class activities cooperatively and enthusiastically.
2. Follows game and safety rules when playing with others.
3. Demonstrates self-control in physical activity settings.
4. Shares and takes turns while participating in physical activities (e.g., using sports equipment).
5. Participates in class physical education activities with respect for the rights and feelings of others.
6. Works cooperatively with others regardless of differences.
Standard 6: Values physical activity for health, enjoyment, challenge, self-expression, and/or social interaction.
1. Identifies positive feelings from participation in physical education activities, individually and with others.
2. Recognizes the benefits that result from participation in physical activities.
3. Recognizes that people of all ages participate in sports and fitness activities.