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Memorials : Historical Events                       

September 11   World War II
 Oklahoma City
 Korean War
 Vietnam War
 World War I
 Civil Rights
Civil War
Korean War Memorial.  Washington D.C.
Photo courtesy of Keith Stanley c2002.                                                  

September 11 Memorials

World Trade Center 

World Trade Center Site Memorial Competition The guidelines for the worldwide competition to design the World Trade Center Site Memorial.   All 5201 entries , 7 finalists and the winning design provided on this website.   The Lower Manhattan Development Corporation.


September 11, 2001 Pentagon Attack Monument.      Joey Ricketts, age 15, details his efforts to design and build a Pentagon Memorial for his Eagle Scout project.  The memorial was dedicated on August 26, 2006.   Joey Ricketts. 

“Scout's 9/11 memorial to include piece of Pentagon.”     June 15, 2006 AP article in USA Today about Joey Ricketts’ project. USA Today.


Pentagon Memorial Project/Design .  Renderings of the yet to be built Pentagon Memorial Project.   Site includes an explanation of the design by Kaseman Beckman Amsterdam Studio, the designers. The Pentagon Memorial Fund. 

United Flight 93

Flight 93 Memorial Project.   The winning design, comments by the designer, and background on the memorial to be built near Shanksville, PA in 2007.  Details on the temporary memorial as well.  Flight 93 Memorial Project.


Around the Nation

Living Memorials Project.   Sponsored by the National Parks Department, the Living Memorials Project is a registry of regional living memorials to commemorate September 11.   Site contains a detailed “Toolbox” on how to design and execute a Living Memorial.   U.S. National Parks Department.

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Oklahoma City National Memorial


Oklahoma City National Memorial.   The official site of the monument to commemorate the Oklahoma City bombing in 1995.   Includes detailed history, and design information.


Vietnam Veterans Memorial

Reflections on the Wall.    Four minute video excerpt of the award winning documentary “American Places.”  National Geographic, Inc.    

Vietnam Veterans Memorial (American Memory).     Brief description of design process.  Site includes original renderings and design proposal.  Part of the American Treasures of the Library of Congress collection.

Vietnam Veterans Memorial – Maya Lin – Great Buildings.   Physical details, comments from Maya Lin, and other resources.  Part of the Great Buildings collection published by Artifice, Inc.

Interview:  Maya Lin.   Video and text of an in-depth interview with Maya Lin.  On pages 5-7, Maya describes the evolution of her design for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.  Academy of Achivement. 

          = multimedia website

  Always to remember : the story of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial. Discusses the building of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, the controversies that have surrounded it, and some human interest stories connected with it.  Ashabranner, Brent K.  959.704 AS.

  Their names to live : what the Vietnam Veterans Memorial means to America.    Describes the planning and creation of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial and how it came to be a symbol for the dead of all American wars.  Ashabranner, Brent K., 1921-. 959.704 ASH

  Vietnam Veterans Memorial.  Describes the design and significance of the memorial built in Washington, D.C., to honor the American soldiers who served in Vietnam.   Cooper, Jason, 1942-. 959.704 COO

  The Vietnam Veterans Memorial.    Discusses the history of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, its designer, construction of the memorial, its location, and its importance to the people of the United States.    Dubois, Muriel L.   959.704 DUB

  The Vietnam Veterans Memorial.  A photographic essay on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C.  Katakis, Michael.  959.704 KAT

  The Wall : a day at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.  Photographs and text help portray the effect the Vietnam Veterans Memorial has on the people who visit it each day.  959.704 WAL

      = book in Greenwich Public Schools library                                                                   


The Vietnam Women's Memorial.   Built to specifically honor the women of the Vietnam War.  National Park Service. 

Vietnam Women's Memorial Foundation. The official organization behind the Vietnam Women's Memorial.  Vietnam Women's Memorial Foundation.

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Civil Rights Memorial


Civil Rights Memorial.   A digital history of the Civil Rights Movement and the memorial which commemorates it.  The Southern Poverty Law Center. 

Maya Lin, Memorial Designer.   The Southern Poverty Law Center describes the role of Maya Lin in the creation of the Civil Rights Memorial, which was commissioned by the SPLC.  Southern Poverty Law Center.


 Virginia Civil Rights Memorial.   A history of the memorial commemorating the Moton School walk-out led by a 16  year old student. The Commonwealth of Virginia.


World War II Memorials

Gallery of Holocaust Images .  Collection.  This portion of “A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust” provides photo details of nearly 100 memorials in Europe.    Select “Camp Memorials” and “Other Memorials” for detailed listings.  Florida Center for Instructional Technology.


Memorial for the Murdered Jews of Europe.   The official German site of the Memorial for the Murdered Jews of Europe.  Includes photos and history.  The Foundation Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe.

Germany’s “Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe.”   .  An in-depth look by PBS at the German memorial of the Holocaust.   Detailed images, controversial history and reviews of the memorial which was unveiled May 10, 2005.  Includes video footage of the opening ceremony and speeches by the architect, Peter Eisenman and a holocaust survivor.  PBS.

        = multimedia website

The Hall of Names.  Israel.   A virtual tour of the Hall of Names, the official Jewish memorial of the Holocaust, and part of the larger Holocaust History Museum which is maintained by Yad Vashem, an official organization created by the Jewish Knesett.  (Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority).   Yad Vashem.

United States

The National WWII Memorial.   The official U.S. government site of the National WWII Memorial in Washington D.C.  Includes details on the purpose, the site and design of the memorial. Created by U.S. Government.

US. Holocaust Memorial Museum.   United States.  The official site of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington D.C.  Site includes a comprehensive history of the Holocaust, a guide to the museum, and commentary and research on the event itself.

The architecture and art of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Washington, D.C. : Trans-Resources, Inc.  917.5 ARC

  The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.  Describes the planning and building of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum and examines its exhibits documenting the European Holocaust from 1933 to 1945.  Brooks, Philip.   940.53 BRO

= book in Greenwich Public Schools library

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Korean War Memorial

Korean War Veterans Memorial.     This website describes the memorial, and gives historical background on the rationale and design process.  Created by U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

The Korean War Veterans Memorial.  An account of the Korean War Veterans Memorial and the historical background behind this monument.   Stein, R. Conrad.  951.9 STE 

Remembering Korea : the Korean War Veterans Memorial.  Describes and presents color photos of the Korean War Veterans Memorial in Washington D.C., chronicling the creation of the monument and the events of the war itself.   Ashabranner, Brent K.   951.904 ASH

  = book in Greenwich Public Schools library

World War I

World War I Memorial.   Description and photo of the World War I memorial in Washington D.C.  This memorial was built by Washington D.C. residents and later entrusted to the National Park Service.  D.C. Preservation League.

World War I Memorial at Arlington National Cemetery.    This plaque typifies the many local World War I memorials located in towns and cities across America.  Arlington Cemetery.


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Civil War

African American Civil War Memorial.   The Spirit of Freedom sculpture and installation honors the over 200,000 members of the United States Colored Troops who served in the Civil War.



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